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The Home tab will always be the first tab that will appear when you first open up Microsoft Word 2010. In this tab, most of what you will want to modify in your word document will have the options here. We will get into the other options in separate HowTos.

Just for example text, I'm going to use "Highland Local Schools". And we'll first go over the Font section.

One of the most essential things you can change under the Home tab is the font and size of the text. By doing this, you simply have to highlight the text and choose which font and size you wish to have.

Also, if you would just rather make your font "grow" or "shrink", simply highlight the desired text and click the buttons to do so:

Now, depending on what you're writing up in the document, you can add fun little details to the text. You could make it Bold, Italicized, Underlined, or Crossed-Out.

***Note that when you want to Underline anything, you can click on the down arrow, and choose how you want it to be underlined.

For math, and maybe even science, teachers, you all could use the Subscript buttons for equations and the like for your classes.

If you wish to change the text from lowercase to uppercase, or vice versa, or anything related to the case-factor of the text, highlight the desired text and simply click this, the Change Case, button:

Now, if you are trying to do something a little artsy on your word document, you can add Text Effects to your text, and make it a little fancy.

All you would do is click on the Text Effects button once, and it will give you many different choices. You can choose one of the default settings for you text, or you can edit your own settings. You can edit the Outline, the Shadow, the Reflection, and the Glow of the text. In order to change the text, however, it must be highlighted.

Along side that, you can highlight your text and then you can click on Text Highlight Color (this has a small choice of colors) and/or you can click on Font Color (which includes both solid colors & gradient effects).

Finally, after all the changes you made and you want to put everything back to the way it was, simply click on the Clear Formatting button.

The next and final section that will be discussed is the Paragraph section.

The first button to appear in the Paragraph section is the Bullets button. It allows you to separate lines of text/information by using bullet points. If wanted, you can even press "Tab" on your keyboard to have indented bullets (press Shift + Tab to decrease the indented bullets).

Next is the Numbering button. It allows you to separate lines of text/information by using numbers and letters. For the Numbering, you can also press "Tab" on your keyboard to have indented lettering or numbering (press Shift + Tab to decrease the indented letters/numbers).

After that set of bullets, there is the Decrease Indent button and the Increase Indent button. They both do just as they say. However, to make indenting easier, you can use the "Tab" button on the keyboard to increase the indent, and "Shift + Tab" to decrease the indent.

The next button that I'll mention is the Sort button. Just as it says, it allows you to sort your text. Once you click the button, a new window will appear that will allow you to sort the text in various manners.

The last button in the row is the Show/Hide ¶ button. By pressing this button, it will display paragraph symbols and other formatting symbols in their proper places.

In the next row underneath, there are four different text alignment buttons: the Left text alignment, the Center text alignment, the Right text alignment, and the Justify text alignment. The first three are explanatory, but Justify allows the text completely space itself out so it fits in perfect order on the page. The default alignment for a new document is the Left text alignment.

The Line and Paragraph Spacing button is just to the right of those buttons. All you do is click it once, and it will give you the most common options, and whether you would like to add/remove a space before/after lines and paragraphs. However, you can click "Line Spacing Options..." for more settings and options on the spacing, and a new window will appear.

Next to that is the Shading button. It works the same way as the Font Color button does, but instead, it changes the background color of the given selection (along with the text color to white or black, depending on the chosen Shading color), and the whole line if you wish. ***Note that it's fairly similar to the Text Highlight Color button.

Right next to the Shading button is the Bottom Border button. It doesn't literally do just bottom borders, but it does many. There are plenty of different settings for the border lines though. The default is (obviously) the Bottom Border.

Now that you have read through this HowTo, you should be able to use and know all the basics of Microsoft Word 2010.


Highland Local Schools Information Systems Department